An equal pay audit is an examination of pay data to determine if all employees are being
paid fairly or whether some groups are being treated more favourably than others.
After taking account of variables like job role, part time status and length of service,
a comparison is then made between the pay packages belonging to employees from
In essence, the audit is trying to determine whether women (or people with other
protected characteristics) are engaged in activity in a workplace that can be deemed
as ‘equal work’ when compared with the work of other groups who are paid more. This
includes situations where, although men and women in the workplace are broadly
segregated (e.g. men are in warehousing and driving; women are in catering and
cleaning) they are engaged in ‘like work’ in that their jobs and skills are the same or
similar. The audit can also determine whether their work is of ‘equal value’ in that, for
example, the level of training required or responsibility is similar.